We read a lot of news, papers, reports, blogs, etc daily. We follow and talk to a lot of investors, and we meet several business people. If we think the underlying source is credible and we are authorized to reproduce it, we update the stats. We also do our own research and fact checking.

Hat tip
Many times the data sources are obvious. Making the point is not. So we acknowledge those “proxy” sources.

At the closing of every calendar quarter. Financial market data, as of last business day of the quarter (closing of market). We observe Pacific Time (UTC-7).

We round up a lot. The main goal is to give a simple/clear/digestible data point as to the magnitude/trayectory. Not the exact real-time data point. The raw data and tabulated calculations are available in the .xls version.

Unless specified for a country, data is global or most probably USA specific.

Unless specified for a time/date, data is of current year or latest publicly available.

Whenever possible we default to the International System of Units and its unit symbols and to the standards set by the International Organization for Standardization.
Why the SI?
On the .pdf version we list every abbreviation used.

Terms of Use
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Except where otherwise noted, content on this site and the reports issued by us, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Declaration of interests
Conflicts of interest are unavoidable. And as the saying goes “no conflict, no interest”.  To ensure the independence and integrity of our research we are transparent about our financial interests in the companies that are mentioned. See our declaration here.

Please email us and happy to correct mistakes or other things that need to be amended.

Investor relations
If you wish to keep us informed of your company’s data, please email us.

If you wish to help us keep this information accurate, please email us with your area of expertise, or the level of market insights you can provide.

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